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Front Row Factory


The Front Row Factory is set up to instruct junior rugby players on how to have a safe and effective technique in scrummage.

Many Provincial Unions are running these sessions for coaches and players. These must be run by qualified presenters; therefore contact your local Rugby Development Officer for more information.


• Warm-Up exercises.
• How to set up as an individual (Crouch – Bind – Set).
• Introduce players to body-specific position requirements and highlight key safety points.
• Demonstrate pelvic tilt – thumbs on pelvis bone, push pelvis forward and try to bend forward.
• Core stability.
• Stability exercises.
• Body-specific position requirements.
• Player assessment on scrum machine.
• One-on-one contact (kneeling and standing).
• How to build a front row (on the scrum machine or three-on-three).
• Key factors of engagement under referee’s control.
• Debrief session.


1. Feet, hips and shoulders are all square.
2. Face up and chin is off the chest.
3. Bend at the knees and the hips with the weight on the balls of the feet.
4. Chest pushed out and back straight.
5. Shoulders above the hips at all times.


• Before the two front rows come together they must be standing not more than an arm’s length apart.
• Props Bind with the hooker anywhere between armpit and hip (Hookers bind anywhere between armpit and hip or on top of Props shoulder Blades).
• Position correctly on referee’s call. “Crouch”
• Sink down into a crouch position, face up, eyes open.
• The front rows must interlock (ear to ear) so that no player’s head is next to the head of a team-mate. Crouched and bound.
• Feet, hips and shoulders are all square.
• Bend at the hips and knees.
• Shoulders above hips at all time.
• Face up, chin off chest.
• Back straight - spine in line.
• Weight off the heels and on balls of feet.
• Referee will call “BIND”
• Using their outside arm each prop must bind.
• A loose head prop must bind on the opposing tight head prop by placing the left arm inside the right arm of the tight head and gripping the tight head prop’s jersey on the back or side.
• A tight head prop must bind on the opposing loose head prop by placing the right arm outside the left upper arm of the opposing loose head prop and gripping the loose head prop’s jersey with the right hand only on the back or side.
• The props must not grip the opponent’s chest, arm, sleeve, or collar.
• Following a pause the referee will then call “set” when the front rows are ready.
• The front rows may then engage. (The “set” call is not a command but an indication that the front rows may come together when ready.)
• Transfer scrum’s weight to the opposition by maintaining body position with a straight back, face up, shoulders above the level of the hips forward of the knees. Maintain pressure until the ball is out by sinking and pushing forward by extending knees. Take small steps to maintain balance and apply pressure until ball is delivered.