- Law 1 THE GROUND
- LAW 3 TEAM
- LAW 4 PLAYER'S CLOTHING
- LAW 5 TIME
- LAW 6 MATCH OFFICIALS
- LAW 7 ADVANTAGE
- LAW 8 SCORING
- LAW 9 FOUL PLAY
- LAW 10 OFFSIDE AND ONSIDE IN OPEN PLAY
- LAW 11 KNOCK-ON OR FORWARD PASS
- LAW 12 KICK-OFF AND RESTART KICKS
- LAW 13 PLAYERS ON THE GROUND IN OPEN PLAY
- LAW 14 TACKLE
- LAW 15 RUCK
- LAW 16 MAUL
- Law 17 MARK
- LAW 18 TOUCH, QUICK THROW AND LINEOUT
- LAW 19 SCRUM
- LAW 20 PENALTY AND FREE KICK
- LAW 21 IN-GOAL
LAW 20 PENALTY AND FREE KICK
Law 20 Penalty and Free kick
1. What are PKs and FKs awarded for?
Answer: To restart play after infringements.
Location of a Penalty or Free Kick
1. Apart from PKs and FK being taken only in the field of play and not within 5m of a goal-line, where are they taken?
• While the ball is in play excluding – at the place of infringement
• While the ball is dead – at the point where play would have restarted or if the place is on the touchline or within 15m of it, on the 15m line in line with that place; if play would have restarted with a drop out 22, the mark is anywhere on the 22m line.
• Any infringement which takes place outside the playing area while the ball is in play – on the 15m line, in line with where the offence occurred in touch-in-goal or beyond the dead ball line, on the 5m line in line with the infringement, but not less than 15m from the touchline.
• Any infringement in a lineout – 15m in from touch on the mark of touch
• Offside at phase play – at the offending team’s offside line
• Any subsequent infringement by the original team after the first PK or FK is awarded but before it is taken – advanced 10m from the original mark
• Late charging the kicker – the opposition chooses at the place of infringement or where the ball landed or was next played but not within 15m of the touch line or closer than 5m from a goal-line, and if the ball hits a crossbar or goal post, where the ball lands.
• Intentionally knocking or throwing the ball into touch – 15m infield from where the infringement occurred but not within 5m of a goal-line
• Any infringement in-in-goal or within 5m of a goal-line – in the field of play, 5m from the goal line, in line with the infringement
2. What happens when the PK or FK is taken from the wrong place?
Answer: it is taken again.
Options at a Penalty or Free Kick
1. Can a team opt for a scrum in lieu of a PK or FK?
2. For a PK or FK awarded at a lineout, what options does the non-offending team have instead of taking a PK or FK.?
Answer: Scrum or lineout.
Taking A Penalty or Free Kick
1. Can the taking of a PK or FK be delayed?
2. Can any player of the non-offending team take a PK or FK?
Answer: Yes, except for a FK awarded for a mark.
3. Must the same ball be used at a PK or FK that was in play at the time of the infringement?
Answer: Yes, unless the referee deems it to be defective.
4. How can the ball be kicked at PK or FK?
Answer: With either a punt, drop kick or place kick (other than for touch).
- DSLV: When taking a place kick for goal, a kicking tee is compulsory for all levels of NZ domestic rugby.
5. May the ball be kicked in any direction?
6. Must the kicker’s teammates remain behind the ball until it is kicked?
Answer: Yes, unless it is the placer at a place kick.
7. Must the ball be kicked a visible distance?
Answer: Yes and if the kicker is holding it, the ball must be kicked out of the hands.
Opposing Team at a Penalty or Free Kick
1. Where must the opposition be at a PK or FK?
Answer: At least 10m back from the mark or their goal-line if that is closer.
2. What must opposition players do if the PK or FK is taken quickly?
Answer: Keep retreating the necessary distance.
3. What should happen if the kick is taken so quickly the opposition do not have an opportunity to retreat 10m?
Answer: They won’t be sanctioned as long as they do not take part in the game until they have retreated 10m or have been put onside by an onside team-mate.
4. What should the referee rule if the opposing team obstruct or delay the taking of a PK or FK?
Answer: Advance the mark 10m but the kick cannot be taken until the referee has made the mark.
Opposing Team at a Free Kick
1. When may the opposition move to prevent a FK being taken?
Answer: As soon as the kicker initiates movement to kick.
2. What should the referee rule if at a FK the kick a charge prevents the kick from being taken?
Answer: Scrum to the non-kicking team.